Wednesday, March 22, 2006

Sarcophagus Painted With Homeric Scenes Unearthed on Cyprus

FOXNews.com : " A 2,500-year-old sarcophagus with vivid color illustrations from Homer's epics has been discovered in western Cyprus, archaeologists said Monday.

Construction workers found the limestone sarcophagus last week in a tomb near the village of Kouklia, in the coastal Paphos area. The tomb, which probably belonged to an ancient warrior, had been looted during antiquity.

'The style of the decoration is unique, not so much from an artistic point of view, but for the subject and the colors used,' said Pavlos Flourentzos, director of the island's antiquities department.

Only two similar sarcophagi have ever been discovered in Cyprus before. One is housed in New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art and the other in the British Museum in London, but their colors are more faded, Flourentzos said.

Flourentzos said the coffin ? painted in red, black and blue on a white background ? dated to 500 B.C., when Greek cultural influence was gaining a firm hold on the eastern Mediterranean island. Pottery discovered in the tomb is expected to provide a precise date.

Experts believe the ornate decoration features the hero Ulysses, or Odysseus in Greek, in scenes from Homer's Iliad and Odyssey ? both hugely popular throughout the ancient Greek world."